North Cyprus Climate

The climate is described as “intense Mediterranean” in North Cyprus – this means that in general the island enjoys short mild and temperate winters and very long hot summers.  Temperatures and rainfall vary depending on the elevation – naturally enough it can feel a lot cooler at the top of St Hilarion or Buffavento Castle than it does on the harbour in Kyrenia on the same summer’s day!

The summer can begin as early as March…though officially it doesn’t start until June, but by then temperatures are already in the 30s (around 86F).  From June to September there is no rain, the days are long and hot, the evenings are balmy and relaxing – though the nights can sometimes be a little uncomfortable – a fan or an air-conditioning unit soon stifle the night-time heat and allow for restful sleep.

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North Cyprus Currency

In 2005 the central bank and the government in Turkey knocked off a handful of zeros from their currency and today the currency in both Northern Cyprus and Turkey is the yeni, (new), Turkish lira.  Exchange rates fluctuate, but on the whole the currency is now very stable.  The yeni/new part of the currency’s name is to be removed in 2009, ending the novelty completely, but we thought we’d keep it for posterity!

If you arrive with just sterling, euros or US dollars in North Cyprus you’ll find that most business owners will happily take the currency and give you any change in lira.  Some people even try to confuse the situation by paying in about three different currencies – but don’t worry, the business owner won’t mind too much however the person behind you in the queue might!

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North Cyprus Economy

The economy in North Cyprus is severely hampered by its continuing isolation and the embargoes placed upon it.  It relies heavily on Turkey for economic and monetary support.

In recent years the construction industry has played in a big part in North Cyprus’ developing fortunes.  A building boom started in 2002 – 2003 and created an opportunity for foreign buyers to buy up holiday homes at relatively cheap prices – particularly when compared to other parts of Europe – and this helped the economy in [Read more...]

North Cyprus Education

Educational standards in Northern Cyprus are relatively good, and there are many local crèches, kindergartens and primary schools.  There are also local secondary schools, but these are only located in the main towns such as Kyrenia, Lefkoşa and Famagusta.  There are also a number of private schools teaching through the medium of English, and these are generally located near to Kyrenia and Lefkoşa.

Education at the local Turkish Cypriot schools is free and accessible to all children between the ages of 6 and 18.  The demand for quality education through the medium of English has intensified as the number of expatriates moving to North Cyprus has increased significantly, and the number of schools in North Cyprus offering the British or international curriculum for students through years 1 to 12 has grown to meet this demand.

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Geography of Cyprus

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and Northern Cyprus lies directly 70 km south of the Turkish mainland.  Its neighbours include Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Israel and Greece.  The Turkish Republic of North Cyprus makes up around one third of the island of Cyprus, and The Republic of Cyprus occupies the remaining two thirds to the south of the island.  The total area of the entire island is approximately 9,252 sq km, and North Cyprus covers a total area of around 3,515 sq km.

Because of the island’s location at the maritime crossroads of the eastern Mediterranean basin and its proximity to the Middle East, Cyprus has always been an island of strategic importance, and throughout its 10,000 year known history the island has either profited or suffered depending on which external power bloc controlled it at the time.

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North Cyprus Politics

On Sunday the 19th of April 2009, around 160,000 voters went to the polls in North Cyprus to elect their chosen government.  After nearly 5 years in power, CTP (Republican Turkish Party) were ousted in favour of UBP (National Unity Party).

During the election run up, which happens in North Cyprus with much fanfare and hype, with hire cars being used to drive around every city, town and village, horns blaring and slogans being shouted, UBP had been the main party tipped to topple the current leadership.  Mehmet Ali Talat, the current President of TRNC, had a key ally in CTP for the ongoing peace negotiations between the north and south of the island, officially separated by a dividing line since 1974.

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North Cyprus Population

The last Census to be held in North Cyprus was in 2011, when everyone residing or holidaying in North Cyprus was required to stay at their place of residence so that the population could be counted.

The results of this census gave the total number of permanent residents (defined as those who reside in a place for a year or longer) as 256,644, and the number of people who were on the island on that day as 265,100.

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North Cyprus Communications & Utilities

North Cyprus has a fairly up to date communications, media and utilities network, and also has some of the advanced technologies that one would expect with regard to everyday life and its requirements – such as high speed internet and mobile communications for example.

You can connect to the two mobile networks that are available in North Cyprus as both have agreements with worldwide networks to facilitate roaming connections, and each operator has offices located in cities and major towns.  Internet cafes are available in most major towns and villages as well, thus enabling you to keep in touch.  Some restaurants and cafes also have a wi-fi facility available for customer use too, which means that communication in Northern  Cyprus is easy!

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