Geography of Cyprus

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and Northern Cyprus lies directly 70 km south of the Turkish mainland.  Its neighbours include Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Israel and Greece.  The Turkish Republic of North Cyprus makes up around one third of the island of Cyprus, and The Republic of Cyprus occupies the remaining two thirds to the south of the island.  The total area of the entire island is approximately 9,252 sq km, and North Cyprus covers a total area of around 3,515 sq km.

Because of the island’s location at the maritime crossroads of the eastern Mediterranean basin and its proximity to the Middle East, Cyprus has always been an island of strategic importance, and throughout its 10,000 year known history the island has either profited or suffered depending on which external power bloc controlled it at the time.

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